The Bank of Spain’s reports consistently offer valuable insights thanks to their meticulousness and impartiality. It’s essential to approach them with a calm mindset, free from partisan disputes. The latest report highlights the looming challenge of pensions, asserting that by 2053, Spain will need an additional 24 million immigrants to maintain the necessary balance between retired and working populations. Currently, Spain ranks fourth globally in terms of the percentage of immigrants, standing at 17%, trailing only the United States, Germany, and Great Britain. This projected figure would effectively double the current number of foreign residents in Spain.

Given the persistent low birth rate and the inevitable trend toward population aging, the influx of young immigrant workers becomes crucial for sustaining the pension system. However, this reality clashes with the policies of various administrations, which often prioritize restricting immigrant access rather than facilitating their orderly integration. For instance, the European Pact on Migration and Asylum, endorsed by the European Commission, emphasizes border control reinforcement and externalization, prioritizing swift expulsion of newcomers, thereby complicating the situation further.

Las próximas elecciones de junio están preparadas para dar forma a una nueva gobernanza europea, reflejando potencialmente un sentimiento cada vez más opuesto a la llegada de nuevos inmigrantes, tal como lo expresan los propios ciudadanos. Las recientes declaraciones de Ursula von der Leyen, en las que aboga por un pacto con la extrema derecha, rompiendo así el antiguo cordón sanitario, significan más que meras intenciones. Esta medida pone en peligro la tradicional coalición entre socialistas, demócrata cristianos y liberales, que ha sido fundamental para la integración europea. En última instancia, la decisión recae en los votantes, pero la tendencia predominante se inclina hacia la derecha.

Es imperativo que las políticas que se promulguen no sean miopes y no contradigan los intereses más amplios de la población.


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